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Моцарт на английском языке. Моцарт — рассказ о великом музыканте

Английский (топики / темы): Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart — Вольфганг Амадей Моцарт (1)

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1)

Wolfgang Mozart is a famous Austrian composer, Mozart was born in 1756 in Salchburg, Austria. His father, a violinist and a composer, noticed wonderful talent of his son and taught him how to play musical instruments and to compose.

Being 4 years old Mozart played the clavier. When he was 5 or 6 years old he started composing music» At the age of 8— 9 Mozart created his first symphonies, and at the age of 10-11 his first creations for musical theatre.

When he was 6 years old his father decided to take him and his sister to the big cities of Europe. Two children gave concerts in Germany, Austria, France, England, Switzerland» The audience was delighted to see such a small boy playing the clavier.

When he was 14 he was invited to Italy. He could not imagine his life without music.

By the age of 19 he was the author of ten major musical works.

At the age of 26 he moved from his native town to Vienna. Though he didn’t have a great success as a composer in Vienne, Mozart wrote many songs, serenades, symphonies.

Burdens of life, poverty and desease speeded up his death. He died at the age of 35.

The real fame came to Mozart only after his death. Many people now know and like his music.

Вольфганг Амадей Моцарт (1)

Вольфганг Амадей Моцарт — известный австрийский композитор.

Моцарт родился в 1756 году в Зальцбурге в Австрии. Его отец, скрипач и композитор, заметил чудесный талант своего сына и научил его играть на музыкальных инструментах и сочинять музыку.

Когда Моцарту было 4 года, он играл на клавесине. Когда ему было 5-6 лет, он начал сочинять музыку. В возрасте 8-9 лет он создал свои первые симфоний и в 10-11 лет — первые произведения для музыкального театра.

Когда ему было 6 лет, его отец решил повезти его и его сестру в большие города Европы. Двое детей давали концерты в Германии, Австрии, Франции, Англии, Швейцарии. Аудитория была в восхищении, видя такого маленького мальчика, играющего на клавесине.

Когда ему было 14 лет, его пригласили в Италию. Он не мог представить свою жизнь без музыки.

Когда ему исполнилось 19, он уже был автором десяти значительных музыкальных произведений.

В 26 лет он переехал из своего родного города в Вену. И хотя он не имел большого успеха как композитор в Вене, Моцарт написал много песен, серенад, симфоний.

Тяготы жизни, бедность и болезнь ускорили его смерть. Он умер в 35 лет.

Настоящая слава пришла к Моцарту лишь после его смерти. Многие люди сегодня знают и любят его музыку.

1. When was Mozart born?
2. How old was he when he started to play musical instruments?
3. When did he start to compose music?
4. What countries did young Mozart visit?
5. When did the real fame come to Mozart?
6. When did he die?

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Vocabulary:
composer — композитор
violinist — скрипач
clavier — клавесин
audience — аудитория
to be delighted — восхищаться
success — успех
burdens — тяготы
poverty — бедность
desease — болезнь
to speed up — ускорить

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Биография Амадея Моцарта на английском языке

Здесь вы можете прочитать биографию Амадея Моцарта на английском языке.

Amadeus Mozart (27.01.1756 — 05.12.1791) — Austrian composer.

Musical genius Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born to Leopold Mozart and his wife Anna Maria Pertl in Salzburg, Austria on January 27, 1756. Leopold Mozart was a successful composer and violinist and served as assistant concertmaster at the Salzburg court. Mozart and his older sister Maria Anna «Nannerl» were the couple’s only surviving children, and their musical education began at a very young age. The archbishop of the Salzburg court, Sigismund von Schrattenbach was very supportive of the Mozart children’s remarkable activities.

By the time Mozart was five years old, he began composing minuets. The next year, he and his sister were taken to Munich and Vienna to play a series of concert tours. Both children played the harpsichord, but Mozart had also mastered the violin. In 1763, when Mozart was seven years old, his father took leave of his position at the Salzburg court to take the family on an extended concert tour of western Europe. Mozart and his sister performed in the major musical centers, including Stuttgart, Mannheim, Mainz, Frankfurt, Brussels, Paris, London, and Amsterdam. They did not return to Salzburg until 1766. During this time, Mozart continued to compose, completing his first symphony at age nine and publishing his first sonatas the same year.

After spending less than a year in Salzburg, the family again departed for Vienna, where Mozart completed his first opera La finta semplice in 1768. Much to Leopold’s frustration, the opera was not performed until the following year in Salzburg. Shortly thereafter, Mozart was appointed honorary Konzertmeister at the Salzburg court.

In 1769, father and son traveled to Italy and toured for more than a year in Rome, Milan, Florence, Naples, and Bologna. While in Italy, Mozart completed another opera, Mitridate, re di Ponto, received a papal audience, passed admission tests to the Accademia Filarmonica, and performed many concerts. Mozart then returned to Salzburg, but traveled to Italy for two shorter journeys in October 1771 and October 1772 through March 1773. During this time he completed two more operas, Ascanio in Alba (1771) and Lucio Silla (1772), eight symphonies, four divertimentos, and several other works.

Archbishop von Schrattenbach, who was a great supporter of Mozart, died in 1771 and was succeeded by Hieronymus von Colloredo. Although Archbishop Colloredo was a less generous employer, Mozart continued in his Salzburg post and worked diligently from 1775 to 1777. However, in an effort to secure a better position, Mozart obtained leave from Salzburg, and set out with his mother in 1777. They traveled through Munich, Augsburg, and Mannheim, but Mozart was not offered a post. The next year they continued on to Paris, where Mozart composed the Paris Symphony. In Paris, Mozart’s mother fell ill and soon after the symphony’s premiere, she died.

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Several months later, Mozart returned to Salzburg and was given the post of court organist as well as Konzertmeister. He produced numerous works during this period, including the famous Coronation Mass. In 1780, he was commissioned to compose an Italian opera for Munich. Idomeneo, re di Creta was completed the next year and was very successful. Soon after, Mozart was summoned to Vienna by Archbishop Colloredo, but unhappy with his treatment there, Mozart requested a discharge.

Mozart remained in Vienna and in 1782, against his father’s wishes, he married Constanze Weber. They had six children of which two survived. That same year, he completed the opera Die Entfuhrung aus dem Serail, which was an immediate success. From 1782 until 1787, when Mozart was appointed emperor Joseph II’s chamber composer, Mozart was very productive. His works from this period include The Marriage of Figaro (1786), Don Giovanni (1787), and numerous piano concertos. Unfortunately, Mozart’s income did not keep up with his success. He and his wife lived extravagantly and were continually in debt.

In 1787, Mozart was appointed to the post of Kammercmusicus, although the salary did little to lessen the couple’s financial hardships. The post required Mozart to compose dance music for court balls. In addition, he completed several symphonies and another opera, among other works. In 1791, Mozart was commissioned to compose a score to Schikaneder’s The Magic Flute. He also began working on a commissioned requiem. The Magic Flute was performed in September with due success.

In November, Mozart fell ill, and on December 5, 1791, he died. His death was thought to be a result of «rheumatic inflammatory fever» or kidney failure. It was rumored Mozart was poisoned by a fellow composer named Salieri, but no evidence was ever produced to prove it. Mozart was buried in an unmarked grave, as was customary for those of his social standing, in Vienna.

Моцарт — гениальный композитор

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is one of the greatest composers ever born. Like Shakespeare, he stands at the summit of human achievement. In every form, from serenade to fugue, from piano concerto and symphony to the heights of grand opera, his music amazes, enchants and invades the memory.

Thousands of books have been written about Mozart. Few lives have ever been so well documented as his, and yet he is one of the most mysterious figures in the world.

Mozart was born in 1756 in Salzburg, Austria.

He began playing the piano at 4, and when he was 5 years old, he already composed serious music. His father took him on tours of Western Europe and Italy and the boy was always a success. Then the prodigy ripened into genius. The genius conquered Vienna and the world. Mozart’s fame was great. He met all the great figures of his time, from Haydn to Goethe, from George III to the luckless Marie Antoinette. But then he suddenly fell from favour. The Vienna aristocracy grew tired of him. He lost pupils and contracts, had to move from his comfortable house in the centre to a modest flat in the suburbs. The genius was forgotten.

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Mozart died in 1791, when he was only 35 years old. There’s a legend that Mozart was poisoned by his rival composer Antonio Salieri. There’s no truth in this legend, though it inspired many great poets, writers and composers. But it has been proved that in the last months of his life Mozart really believed that he was pursued by a spirit, «the grey messenger», who appeared and ordered him to write a requiem. In a state of depression Mozart imagined that he was to write the requiem for himself.

Not long ago a 150-volume edition of Mozart’s works was published. His works include 41 symphonies, nearly 30 piano concertos, 19 operas, a vast quantity of orchestral and other instrumental music, and volumes of church music (he wrote it mostly for financial reasons). His most famous operas are Don Giovanni, The Magic Flute and The Marriage of Figaro.

Перевод

Вольфганг Амадей Моцарт является одним из величайших композиторов когда-либо рожденных. Как и Шекспир, он стоит на вершине человеческих достижений. В любой форме, от серенады до фуги, от фортепианного концерта и симфонии до высот в опере, его музыка поражает, завораживает и овладевает памятью.

Тысячи книг написаны о Моцарте. Немного жизней были так хорошо задокументированы, как его, но он один из самых загадочных фигур в мире.

Моцарт родился в 1756 в Зальцбурге, Австрия.

Он начал играть на фортепьяно в четыре, и, когда ему было 5 лет, он уже писал серьезную музыку. Отец взял его на гастроли по Западной Европе и Италии, и мальчик был всегда успешен. Потом чудо переросло в гения. Гений завоевал Вену и мир. Слава Моцарта была велика. Он встречал всех великих деятелей своего времени, от Гайдна до Гете, от Джорджа III до несчастной Марии-Антуанетты. Но потом он вдруг пал в немилость. Аристократия Вены устала от него. Он потерял учащихся и контракты, и ему пришлось переехать из своего уютного дома в центре, в скромную квартиру в пригороде. Гений был забыт.

Моцарт умер в 1791 году, когда ему было всего 35 лет. Есть легенда, что Моцарт был отравлен своим соперником композитором Антонио Сальери. Нет правды в этой легенде, хотя она вдохновила многих великих поэтов, писателей и композиторов. Но было доказано, что в последние месяцы своей жизни Моцарт верил, что его преследовал дух, » серый вестник», который появился и приказал ему написать реквием. В состоянии депрессии Моцарту казалось, что он должен был написать реквием для себя.

Не так давно было опубликовано 150-томное издания произведений Моцарта. Его работы включают 41 симфонию, около 30 фортепианных концертов, 19 опер, огромное количество оркестровой и другой инструментальной музыки, и тома церковной музыки (он писал ее в основном по финансовым соображениям). Его самые знаменитые оперы «Дон Жуан», «Волшебная флейта» и «Женитьба Фигаро».

Источники:

http://alleng.org/engl-top/509.htm
http://www.homeenglish.ru/ArticlesMozart.htm
http://iloveenglish.ru/topics/myzika/motsart-genialnij-kompozitor

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